## Sunday, April 11, 2021

### An ESP week

Google Code Jam Round 1A was the first round of this week (problems, results, top 5 on the left, analysis). The top 1500 have made it to Round 2, with 3000 further spots up for grabs in the remaining two Round 1s. Nevertheless, the spirit of competition was there, and it is of course a great achievement to get the first place. Congratulations to Um_nik, and his achievement is even more impressive given that the round was probably at 4 in the morning :)

I have prepared the test data for the second problem, Prime Time, and I (humbly, of course :)) think it was a great example of how a not particularly difficult problem can still be nice. The problem went like this: you are given up to 1015 cards, each with a prime number between 2 and 499. You need to split the cards into two piles, such that the sum of the numbers in the first pile is equal to the product of the numbers in the second pile, or tell that it's impossible. Can you see how to handle such a huge amount of cards?

AtCoder has returned with its Grand Contest 053 a few hours later (problems, results, top 5 on the left, analysis). I have solved the first three problems in less than 50 minutes, which was great, but then I could not score any additional points in the remaining 2 hours and 10 minutes, which was a bit frustrating :) I've tried to approach all three remaining problems in the beginning, but eventually focused on the problem E, and it turns out I was really close: I did identify the two cases from the official analysis, I have correctly (I think) handled the first case and tried various formulas that looked very similar to the correct one for the second case, but I could neither figure out all details and come up with a formula on paper, nor get the correct answers for the sample cases by trying small changes to the formulas. It turns out that my problem was that I was inserting the segments in the increasing order of the starting time, instead of the decreasing order of the ending time. These two ideas look symmetric on the surface, but they actually are not equivalent because the problem asks about local maxima, and the symmetric case would be local minima. However, my idea can still handle the first case just as well (because the first case is in fact symmetric, as we have n-1 local minima there as well), which made it hard to move away from it for the second case.

Congratulations to the seven contestants who have managed to handle all details correctly and solve one of the harder problems, and especially to jiangly on the win!

Thanks for reading, and check back next week.